Roman Silver Denarius
    Hispania, 81 B.C.

Coins from the Greek
and Roman Empire. (480 BC to 450 AD)
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Coins from the 1st
Portuguese Dinasty. (1128 to 1383)
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Coins from the 2nd
Portuguese Dinasty. (1385 to 1580)
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Coins from the 3rd
Portuguese Dinasty. (1580 to 1640)
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Coins from the 4th
Portuguese Dinasty. (1640 to 1910)
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Coins from the
Portuguese Republic. (From 1910 onwards)
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Greece (480 B.C. onwards)

Philip II Macedon (minted BC 359-336)

Father of Alexander the Great. Obverse: Head of Apollo right, hair bound with tainia.
Reverse: Naked youth on horseback prancing right.


Philip II Macedon (minted BC 356-350)

Father of Alexander the Great. Obverse: Head of Heracles wearing lion's skin.
Reverse: FILIPPWN, tripod with fillet M and grain ear to left.


Euboia, Histiaia (minted BC 340-330)

Ancient greek silver tetrobol coin of Histiaia. Obverse: Head of nymph Histiaia right wreathed with vine.
Reverse: Nymph Histiaia seated right on stern of galley, holding naval standard.


Illyria, Meniskos (minted BC 229)

ILLYRIA Epidammnos Silver drachm MENISKOS, minted in Dyrrhachium (Epidammnos new name under Roman protectorate). Obverse: Cow standing right, looking back at calf which is suckles. MENISKOS in Greek above, thunderbolt in exergue.
Reverse: Rev.: Square containing double stellate pattern. Legend in Greek around the square.


Odessos, Thrace "River God" (minted around BC 200)

Ancient greek coin of Odessos, a Miletos colony on the west coast of the Black Sea. Obverse: Laureate head of Apollo right.
Reverse: The Great God reclining, left, holding phiale and cornucopiae.

Roman Republic (326 B.C. - 27 B.C.)

Postumius Albinus (minted BC 81)

Obverse: Veiled head of Hispania right, hair disheveled, “HISPAN” behind.
Reverse: “A POST A F S N ALBIN” Togate figure, standing left, extending hand towards legionary eagle before him, faceses with axe behind.


Procilius (minted BC 80)

Obverse: S C - Head of Juno Sospita clad in goat skin, right.
Reverse: L PROCILI F - Juno Sospita walking right, brandishing spear and holding shield, snake at feet.

Roman Empire (27 B.C. - 285 A.C.)

Augustus (27 B.C. - 14 A.C.)

Augustus (minted BC 22). Obverse: AVGVSTVS/TRIBVNIC/POTEST in three lines within a wreath. Reverse: C GALLIVS LVPERCVS III VIR A A A F F around large S C.


Tiberius (14 - 37)

Tiberius (minted AD 15). Obverse: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST IMP VII, bare head left. Reverse: PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XVII S-C, Livia seated right holding patera & scepter.


Caligula (37 - 41)

Caligula (minted AD 37-41). Obverse: C.CAESAR AVG.GERMANICVS PON.M.TR. POT. His bare head to left. Reverse: VESTA S. C. Vesta seated left.


Nero (54 - 68)

Nero (minted AD 66). Obverse: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG GERM - Laureate head right. Reverse: PACE P R VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT S-C - Temple of the twin Janus, doors to the right.


Trajan (98 - 117)

Trajan (minted AD 98-117). Obverse: IMP CAES TRAIAN AVG GERM, laureate & draped bust of Hercules right. Reverse: S-C either side of club.

Separatist Empires: Gaul, Palmyra, Britain (260 - 297)

Victorinus (269 - 271)

Victorinus (Gaul, minted AD 269-271 in Cologne). Obverse: IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, Radiate, Draped, Cuirassed and Facing Right. Reverse: INVICTVS ("Invincible") Sol, the Ancient Sun God, Hand Raised and Holding Whip.

Roman Tetrarchy (284 - 313)

Maximianus (285 - 308)

Maximianus (minted AD 285-86). Obverse: IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed. Reverse: IOVI CONSERVAT AVGG - Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter.


Severus II (306 - 307)

Severus II (minted AD 306-307). Obverse: SEVERVS NOB C. Laureate head right. Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI. Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia. SIS in exergue.

Constantine Era (313 - 364)

Constantine I The Great (306 - 337)

Constantine I (minted AD 313). Obverse: IMP C CONSTANTINVS P F AVG. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right. Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG N N. Jupiter standing left, holding Victory and scepter, eagle at feet, TS in exergue.

Divided Roman Empire - East (367 - 480)

Valens (364 - 378)

Valens (minted AD 367-70). Obverse: DN VALENS PF AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right. Reverse: RESTITVTOR REIP, Valens facing, head right, holding labarum & Victory on a globe, SMNA in exurge.

Divided Roman Empire - West (367 - 480)

Valentinian II (375 - 392)

Valentinian II (minted AD 375-392). Obverse: D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, bust right. Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM, Valentinian advancing right, dragging captive and holding labarum, ASIS() in ex.



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