500rs King Carlos I
    Portugal (silver), 1898

GREEK & ROMAN
Coins from the Greek
and Roman Empire. (480 BC to 450 AD)
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PORTUGAL 1st DIN
Coins from the 1st
Portuguese Dinasty. (1128 to 1383)
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PORTUGAL 2nd DIN
Coins from the 2nd
Portuguese Dinasty. (1385 to 1580)
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PORTUGAL 3rd DIN
Coins from the 3rd
Portuguese Dinasty. (1580 to 1640)
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PORTUGAL 4th DIN
Coins from the 4th
Portuguese Dinasty. (1640 to 1910)
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PORTUGAL REPUBLIC
Coins from the
Portuguese Republic. (From 1910 onwards)
>> See collection
   
 


Afonso I (1128-1185)

Afonso was the son of Henry of Burgundy, Count of Portugal and Teresa of León, the illegitimate daughter of King Alfonso VI of Castile and León. He was proclaimed King in July 26, 1139, immediatly after the Battle of Ourique, and died on December 6, 1185 in Coimbra.

In 1122 Afonso became fourteen, the adult age in the 12th century. He made himself a Knight on his own account in the Cathedral of Zamora, raised an army, and proceeded to take control of his lands. Near Guimarães, at the Battle of São Mamede (1128) he overcame the troops under his mother's lover and ally Count Fernando Peres de Trava of Galicia, making her his prisoner and exiling her forever to a monastery in León.

Afonso then turned his arms against the everlasting problem of the Moors in the south. His campaigns were successful and, on July 26, 1139, he obtained an overwhelming victory in the Battle of Ourique, and straight after was unanimously proclaimed King of Portugal by his soldiers. This meant that Portugal was no longer a vassal county of León-Castile, but an independent kingdom in its own right. Next, he assembled the first assembly of the estates-general at Lamego, where he was given the crown from the bishop of Bragança, to confirm the independence.
 

   

(no coin in my collection)

 

 

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