500rs King Carlos I
    Portugal (silver), 1898

GREEK & ROMAN
Coins from the Greek
and Roman Empire. (480 BC to 450 AD)
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PORTUGAL 1st DIN
Coins from the 1st
Portuguese Dinasty. (1128 to 1383)
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PORTUGAL 2nd DIN
Coins from the 2nd
Portuguese Dinasty. (1385 to 1580)
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PORTUGAL 3rd DIN
Coins from the 3rd
Portuguese Dinasty. (1580 to 1640)
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PORTUGAL 4th DIN
Coins from the 4th
Portuguese Dinasty. (1640 to 1910)
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PORTUGAL REPUBLIC
Coins from the
Portuguese Republic. (From 1910 onwards)
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Fernando I (1367-1383)

Fernando I, ninth king of Portugal, sometimes referred to as the Beautiful (Port. o Formoso) or rarely as the Inconstant (Port. o Inconstante), was born on October 31, 1345. He was the son of Pedro I of Portugal and his wife, princess Constance of Castile. He succeeded his father in 1367 and died on October 22, 1383 in the city where he was born - Lisbon.

On the death of Pedro of Castile in 1369, Ferdinand, as great grandson of Sancho IV by the female line, laid claim to the vacant throne, for which the kings of Aragon and Navarre, and afterwards John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster (married in 1370 to Constance, the eldest daughter of Pedro), also became competitors.

Ferdinand left no male heir when he died on October 22 1383, and the direct Burgundian line, which had been in possession of the throne since the days of Count Henry (about 1112), became extinct. The stipulations of the treaty of Badajoz were set aside, and Joćo, grand-master of the order of Aviz, Ferdinand's illegitimate brother, claimed the throne. This led to a period of war and political indefinition known as the 1383-1385 Crisis. Joćo became the first king of the House of Aviz in 1385, starting the Second Dinasty.
   

Fernando I (1367 - 1383)

Grave. Obverse: SI DNS MI / CHI AIVTOR / NON. Reverse: FERNANDVS REX PORTVGAL.

Fernando I (1367 - 1383)

Dinheiro. Obverse: F REX PORTVGAL. Reverse: AL GA RB II.

 

 

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