500rs King Carlos I
    Portugal (silver), 1898

GREEK & ROMAN
Coins from the Greek
and Roman Empire. (480 BC to 450 AD)
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PORTUGAL 1st DIN
Coins from the 1st
Portuguese Dinasty. (1128 to 1383)
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PORTUGAL 2nd DIN
Coins from the 2nd
Portuguese Dinasty. (1385 to 1580)
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PORTUGAL 3rd DIN
Coins from the 3rd
Portuguese Dinasty. (1580 to 1640)
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PORTUGAL 4th DIN
Coins from the 4th
Portuguese Dinasty. (1640 to 1910)
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PORTUGAL REPUBLIC
Coins from the
Portuguese Republic. (From 1910 onwards)
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Duarte I (1433-1438)

Duarte of Portugal, the Philosopher or the Eloquent, the 11th king of Portugal, was born in Viseu on October 31, 1391 and he died in Tomar on September 13, 1438. He was the son of King Joćo I of Portugal (John I of Portugal) and his wife, Philippa of Lancaster, a daughter of John of Gaunt.

As a prince, Duarte always followed his father, King Joćo I, in the affairs of the kingdom. He was knighted in 1415, after the Portuguese captured the city of Ceuta in North Africa, across from Gibraltar. He became king in 1433 when his father died of the plague and he soon showed interest in internal consensus. During his short reign of five years, Duarte called the Cortes (the national assembly) no less than five times to discuss internal affairs and politics. He also followed the politics of his father concerning the maritime exploration of Africa. He encouraged and financed his famous brother, Prince Henry the Navigator who founded a school of maritime navigation at Sagres and who initiated many expeditions. Among these, that of Gil Eanes in 1434 first rounded Cape Bojador on the NW coast of Africa, leading the way for further exploration southward along the African coast.

Another less political side of Duarte's personality is related to culture. A reflective and scholarly prince, he wrote the treatise O Leal Conselheiro (The Loyal Counsellor) as well as other books on hunting and several poems. He was in the process of revising the Portuguese law code when he died.
 
   

Duarte I (1433 - 1438)

Real Preto. Obverse: EDUARDUS REX PORT. Reverse: EDUARDUS REX PORT.

 

 

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