500rs King Carlos I
    Portugal (silver), 1898

Coins from the Greek
and Roman Empire. (480 BC to 450 AD)
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Coins from the 1st
Portuguese Dinasty. (1128 to 1383)
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Coins from the 2nd
Portuguese Dinasty. (1385 to 1580)
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Coins from the 3rd
Portuguese Dinasty. (1580 to 1640)
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Coins from the 4th
Portuguese Dinasty. (1640 to 1910)
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Coins from the
Portuguese Republic. (From 1910 onwards)
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Joćo II (1481-1495)

Joćo II, the Perfect Prince (Port. o Prķncipe Perfeito), fourteenth king of Portugal and Algarves was born in Lisbon in March 3, 1455 and died in Alvor in October 25, 1495. He was the son of king Afonso V of Portugal by his wife, Isabel of Coimbra, princess of Portugal. Joćo II succeeded his father in 1477 when the king retired to a monastery and became king in 1481.

As a prince, Joćo II accompanied his father in the campaigns in northern Africa and was made a knight by him after the victory in Arzila in 1471. In 1473 he married Leonor of Viseu, Princess of Portugal and his first cousin.

Even at a young age, he was not popular among the peers of the kingdom since he was immune to external influence and appeared to despise intrigue. The nobles (including particularly Fernando II, the Duke of Braganza) were afraid of his future policies as king. Events proved them right.

After the official accession to the throne in 1481, Joćo II took a series of measures to curtail the overgrown power of his aristocracy and to concentrate power on himself. Immediately, the nobles started to conspire; Joćo II did nothing but observe. Letters of complaint and pleas to intervene were exchanged between the Duke of Braganza and Queen Isabella I of Castile. In 1483, this correspondence was intercepted by royal spies. The House of Braganza was outlawed, their lands confiscated and the duke executed in Évora.

Joćo II restored the policies of Atlantic exploration, reviving the work of his great uncle, Prince Henry the Navigator. The Portuguese explorations were his main priority in government, pushing south the known coastal Africa with the purpose of discovering the maritime route to India. During his reign, the following was achieved:

1484 – Diogo Cćo discovered the Congo River
1488 - Bartolomeu Dias rounded the Cape of Good Hope
1493 – Alvaro Caminha started the settlement of the Sćo Tomé and Prķncipe islands

Joćo II (1481 - 1495)

Vintem (silver). Obverse: IOANES:II:R:P:ET:A:D:GI. Reverse: IOANES:II:R:P:ET:A:D:GI.




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