500rs King Carlos I
    Portugal (silver), 1898

GREEK & ROMAN
Coins from the Greek
and Roman Empire. (480 BC to 450 AD)
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PORTUGAL 1st DIN
Coins from the 1st
Portuguese Dinasty. (1128 to 1383)
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PORTUGAL 2nd DIN
Coins from the 2nd
Portuguese Dinasty. (1385 to 1580)
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PORTUGAL 3rd DIN
Coins from the 3rd
Portuguese Dinasty. (1580 to 1640)
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PORTUGAL 4th DIN
Coins from the 4th
Portuguese Dinasty. (1640 to 1910)
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PORTUGAL REPUBLIC
Coins from the
Portuguese Republic. (From 1910 onwards)
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Sebastićo I (1557-1578)

Sebastian I "the Desired" (o Desejado), born in Lisbon, January 20, 1554; presumed to have died at Alcazarquivir, August 4, 1578; was the sixteenth king of Portugal and Algarves. He was the son of Prince Joćo of Portugal and his wife, Joan of Habsburg, and was the grandson of Joćo III.

Sebastian became heir to the throne on the death of his father in 1554 (two weeks before his birth), and succeeded to the throne three years later after the death of King Joćo III, his grandfather. Since Sebastian was still an infant, the regency was handled first by his Spanish grandmother, Catarina of Spain, and then by his great uncle, Cardinal Enrique of Evora. This period saw continued Portuguese colonial expansion in Angola, Mozambique, and Malacca, as well as the annexation of Macau (in 1557).

Upon attaining his majority in 1568, and despite having no son and heir, Sebastian began plans for a great crusade against the kingdom of Fez, taking advantage of an ongoing succession struggle there. His plans were backed by the anti-Turkish Moroccan factions. Sebastian's uncle, Philip II of Spain refused to be party to the plan, though he promised to send an expeditionary force that never showed up. The Portuguese army, mostly consisting of foreign mercenaries, crossed into Morocco in 1578, and, against the advice of his commanders, Sebastian marched deep inland to join his Moroccan allies. At Alcazarquivir (Field of the Three Kings) the Portuguese army was routed by Ahmed Mohammed of Fez, and Sebastian was almost certainly killed in battle. Despite the warnings and pleas of several of his subjects for him to flee and escape, he rode headlong into the enemy lines where he was last seen battling wildly. Whether his body was ever found is uncertain, but Philip II of Spain claimed to have buried his remains in the Jerónimos monastery outside Lisbon after he ascended to the Portuguese throne in 1580. Uncertainty over Sebastian's fate led many Portuguese to believe he survived the battle and would return to claim his throne.

Sebastian was succeeded as king by his great uncle Enrique, brother of his grandfather, King Joćo III.
   

Sebastićo I (1557 - 1578)

Tostćo (silver). Obverse: SEBASTIANVS:I:REX:PORTVG:ET:AL. Reverse: IN HOC SIGNO VINCES.

Sebastićo I (1557 - 1578)

Vintem (silver). Obverse: PORTVG ET ALGARB. Reverse: SEBASTIANVS:I:REX.

Sebastićo I (1557 - 1578)

V Reais. Obverse: SEBASTIANVS:I:D:G:D:ET:ALGARBIORVM. Reverse: REX SEXTVS DECIMVS.

 

 

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