500rs King Carlos I
    Portugal (silver), 1898

Coins from the Greek
and Roman Empire. (480 BC to 450 AD)
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Coins from the 1st
Portuguese Dinasty. (1128 to 1383)
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Coins from the 2nd
Portuguese Dinasty. (1385 to 1580)
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Coins from the 3rd
Portuguese Dinasty. (1580 to 1640)
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Coins from the 4th
Portuguese Dinasty. (1640 to 1910)
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Coins from the
Portuguese Republic. (From 1910 onwards)
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Henrique I (1578-1580)

Henry, the cardinal - king or Henrique (Port. o Casto) was born in January 31, 1512 and died January 31, 1580, was the seventeenth King of Portugal and Algarves, ruled between 1578 and 1580.

Henry was the younger brother of King John III and, as a younger son, Henry was not expected to succeed to the Portuguese throne. Early in his life, Henry took Holy Orders to promote Portuguese interests within the Catholic Church, then dominated by Spain. He rose fast through the Church hierarchy, becoming in quick succession Archbishop of Braga, Archbishop of Evora and Grand Inquisitor before receiving a Cardinal's hat, receiving the Titulus Ss. Quattuor Coronatorum. Henry, more than anyone, endeavoured to bring the Jesuits to Portugal and employed them in the colonial empire.

He served as regent for his grand-nephew, Sebastião, after 1557, and then succeeded him as king after the disastrous Battle of Alcácer-Quibir in 1578. Henry renounced his clerical offices and sought to take a bride for the continuation of the Aviz dynasty, but Pope Gregory XIII, affiliated with the Habsburgs did not release him from his vows. The Cardinal-King died without having appointed a Council of Regency to choose a successor. One of the closest dynastic claimants was King Philip II of Spain who, in November 1580, sent the Duke of Alba to claim Portugal by force. Lisbon soon fell, and Philip was elected King of Portugal on condition that the kingdom and its overseas territories would not become Spanish provinces. See struggle for the throne of Portugal.

(no coin in my collection)




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