500rs King Carlos I
    Portugal (silver), 1898

Coins from the Greek
and Roman Empire. (480 BC to 450 AD)
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Coins from the 1st
Portuguese Dinasty. (1128 to 1383)
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Coins from the 2nd
Portuguese Dinasty. (1385 to 1580)
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Coins from the 3rd
Portuguese Dinasty. (1580 to 1640)
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Coins from the 4th
Portuguese Dinasty. (1640 to 1910)
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Coins from the
Portuguese Republic. (From 1910 onwards)
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Governadores do Reino (1580)

Portuguese nobility was worried about the maintenance of their independence and sought help to find a new king. By this time the Portuguese throne was disputed by several claimants; among them were Catherine, Duchess of Braganza (1540-1614), her nephew Rainuccio Farnese of Parma, Philip II of Spain and Anthony, Prior of Crato. The Duchess was later acknowledged as the legitimate heir, after her descendants obtained the throne in 1640 (in the person of John IV of Portugal), but at that time, she was only one of several possible heirs. According to the feudal custom, her late older sister's son Rainuccio, an Italian, was the closest heir, then the Duchess herself, and only after them, King Philip. Philip II was a foreigner (although his mother was Portuguese) and descended from Manuel I by a female line; as for Anthony, although he was Manuel I's grandson in the male line, he was an illegitimate grandson.

Upon the death oh Henry I of Portugal, in January 1580, the Almeirim courts allowed that a group of Kingdom Governors, nominated by the Cardinal Henry I, ruled the country, to try and avoid the spanish to take over the Portuguese kingdom.

The nominated five Governors were:
D. Jorge de Almeida, arcebispo de Lisboa;
D. Francisco de Sį Menezes, camareiro-mor do reino;
D. Joćo Telo;
D. Joćo de Mascarenhas;
D. Diogo Lopes de Sousa.

(no coin in my collection)




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