500rs King Carlos I
    Portugal (silver), 1898

GREEK & ROMAN
Coins from the Greek
and Roman Empire. (480 BC to 450 AD)
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PORTUGAL 1st DIN
Coins from the 1st
Portuguese Dinasty. (1128 to 1383)
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PORTUGAL 2nd DIN
Coins from the 2nd
Portuguese Dinasty. (1385 to 1580)
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PORTUGAL 3rd DIN
Coins from the 3rd
Portuguese Dinasty. (1580 to 1640)
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PORTUGAL 4th DIN
Coins from the 4th
Portuguese Dinasty. (1640 to 1910)
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PORTUGAL REPUBLIC
Coins from the
Portuguese Republic. (From 1910 onwards)
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Filipe II (1598-1621)

Philip II of Portugal (April 14, 1578 – March 31, 1621) was the king of Spain and Portugal and Algarves from 1598 until his death. His chief minister was the Duke of Lerma. Philip III married Margaret, sister of Ferdinand II.

Born at Madrid, the son of Philip II of Spain and his fourth wife, Anne, daughter of the emperor Maximilian II. He inherited the beliefs of his father, but no share of his industry. The old king had sorrowfully confessed that God had not given him a son capable of governing his vast dominions, and had foreseen that Philip III would be led by his servants. This calculation was exactly fulfilled.

The new king put the direction of his government entirely into the hands of his favourite, the duke of Lerma, Francisco Goméz de Sandoval y Rojas, and when he fell under the influence of Lerma's son, Cristóbal de Sandoval, the duke of Uceda in 1618, he trusted himself and his states to the new favourite. The king's own life was passed amid court festivities, on which enormous sums of money were wasted, or in the practice of childish piety. It was said that he was so virtuous as hardly to have committed a venial sin. He cannot be justly blamed for having been born to rule a despotic monarchy, without even the capacity which would have qualified him to manage a small estate.

He died at Madrid on March 31, 1621. The story told in the memoirs of the French ambassador Bassompierre, that he was killed by the heat of a brasero (a pan of hot charcoal), because the proper official to take it away was not at hand, is a humorous exaggeration of the formal etiquette of the court.

   

Filipe II (1598 - 1621)

Tostão (silver). Obverse: PHILIPPVS D G REX PORTVGAL. Reverse: IN HOC SIGNO VINCES.

Filipe II (1598 - 1621)

Vintem (silver). Obverse: ALGARABIORVM REX. Reverse: PHILIPPVS DG REX.

 

 

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