500rs King Carlos I
    Portugal (silver), 1898

Coins from the Greek
and Roman Empire. (480 BC to 450 AD)
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Coins from the 1st
Portuguese Dinasty. (1128 to 1383)
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Coins from the 2nd
Portuguese Dinasty. (1385 to 1580)
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Coins from the 3rd
Portuguese Dinasty. (1580 to 1640)
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Coins from the 4th
Portuguese Dinasty. (1640 to 1910)
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Coins from the
Portuguese Republic. (From 1910 onwards)
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Filipe III (1621-1640)

Philip III of Portugal (April 8, 1605 – September 17, 1665). King of Spain 1621-65 and until 1640, king of Portugal. Eldest son of Philip III and his wife Margaret of Austria, Philip IV was born at Valladolid. Known as the Planet King, after the Sun, the fourth planet in the astronomy of the time.

His reign, after a few years of inconclusive successes, was characterized by political and military decay and adversity. He has been held responsible for the decline of Spain, which was mostly due, however, to organic causes largely beyond the control of any one ruler. Philip certainly possessed more energy, both mental and physical, than his diffident father.

Feeling himself not yet qualified to rule when he ascended to the throne at age 16, he allowed himself to be guided by the most capable men he could find. His favourite, Olivares, was a far more honest and capable man than his predecesssor the Duke of Lerma, and better fitted for the office of chief minister than any Spaniard of the time, perhaps. Philip, however, lacked the confidence to free himself from Olivares' influence once he did come of age. With Olivares' encouragement, he rather busied himself with frivolous amusements. By 1643, when disasters falling on all sides led to the dismissal of the all-powerful minister, Philip had largely lost the power to devote himself to hard work. After a brief struggle with the task of directing the administration of the most extensive and worst-organized multi-national state in Europe, he sank back into indolence and let other favourites govern.


Filipe III (1621 - 1640)

Tostão (silver). Obverse: PHILIPVS D G REX PORTVGAL. Reverse: IN HOC SIGNO VINCES.

Filipe III (1621 - 1640)

Meio tostão (silver). Obverse: PHILIPVS D G REX PORTVGA. Reverse: IN HOC SIGNO VINCES.




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