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Stuart Roosa

Stuart Roosa

Born on: 16 Aug 1933
Join NASA in: 4 Apr 1966
Current status: Died 12 Dec 1994
Spaceflight Position Date
Apollo 14 CMP 31.01. - 09.02.1971
Spaceflight experience:
Stuart Roosa was one of the 19 astronauts selected by NASA in April 1966. He was a member of the astronaut support crew for the Apollo 9 flight.

He completed his first space flight as command module pilot on Apollo 14, January 31 - February 9, 1971. With him on man's third lunar landing mission were Alan Shepard (spacecraft commander) and Edgar Mitchell (lunar module pilot).

Maneuvering their lunar module, "Antares," to a landing in the hilly upland Fra Mauro region of the moon, Shepard and Mitchell subsequently deployed and activated various scientific equipment and experiments and proceeded to collect almost 100 pounds of lunar samples for return to earth. Throughout this 33-hour period of lunar surface activities, Roosa remained in lunar orbit aboard the command module, "Kittyhawk," to conduct a variety of assigned photographic and visual observations. Apollo 14 achievements include: first use of the Mobile Equipment Transporter (MET); largest payload placed in lunar orbit; longest distance traversed on the lunar surface; largest payload returned from the lunar surface; longest lunar surface stay time (33 hours); longest lunar surface EVA (9 hours and 17 minutes); first use of shortened lunar orbit rendezvous techniques; first use of color TV with a new vidicon tube on lunar surface; the first extensive orbital science period conducted during CSM solo operations.

In completing his first space flight, Roosa logged a total of 216 hours and 42 minutes in space.

He served as backup command pilot for the Apollo 16 and 17 missions, and was assigned to the space shuttle program until his retirement in 1976.

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